Obsessed with rich cultural resources, the key to poverty alleviation and development is to transform characteristic culture into unique development advantages and enhance the endogenous power of production and life development in ethnic minority areas. In recent years, we have conducted in-depth research on cultural poverty alleviation in ethnic minorities and poverty-stricken border areas. Taking the villages of Hani and Lahu in Lvchun County, Yuanyang County, Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture of Yunnan Province as an example, although the local areas are poor, they are rich in ethnic cultural resources. Hani culture has its own characteristics, and the local national epic and national costumes are colorful. It is of great significance to stimulate the value and vitality of culture.