Against the background of rural land transfer, farmland transfer promotes the flow of solidified assets of farmers and maximizes the interests of operating subjects of land transfer. However, behind the maximization of interests, farmland transfer mode and utilization behavior also destroy the ecological environment of land. In order to prevent agricultural land environmental damage from reaching an irreversible state, it is necessary for the state to take rural environmental protection as a principle provision and specify the rights and responsibilities of environmental protection in relevant laws as universal provisions. Especially in the current rural land circulation, only through following the green principle and adhering to the unity of ecological benefits and rural economic benefits, can the goal of having both lucid waters and lush mountains and economic development be achieved. Therefore, in legislation, it is necessary to add the environmental regulation system, improve the system of reward and punishment for protection and utilization of agricultural land; in law enforcement, the environmental supervision mechanism for land circulation should be improved, access procedures should be clarified, and a system of coordination among various departments with the people's government as the leading party should be established; in judicature, the environmental accountability system should be improved, an ecological environment prevention and supervision mechanism should be established, and the corporate responsibility system should be built.